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Rules of the game with respect to the game ball.

English Snooker Balls are not Numbered

a row of snooker colored snooker balls white ball red ball orange ball green ball maroon ball blue ball pink ball black ball basic equipment for snooker ball

Similar to the game of billiards, the game is played using a cue and 22 snooker balls: one white cue ball, 15 red balls worth one point each, and six balls of different color: yellow (2 points), green (3), brown (4), blue (5), pink (6) and black (7). The red balls are initially placed in a triangular formation, and the other colored balls on marked positions on the table known as “spots”. Players execute shots by striking the cue ball with the cue, causing the cue ball to hit a red or colored ball. Points are scored by potting the red and colored balls (that is, knocking them into the pockets) in the correct sequence. A player receives additional points if the opponent commits a foul. A player wins a game of snooker by scoring more points than the opponent. A player wins a match when a predetermined number of frames have been won.

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Olympic Water Polo for Men and Women

olympic water polo ball in the air with water flung around it polo player with olympic tattoo on wrist official olympic water polo ball

The Federation Internationale de Natation (FINA) regulates Olympic water polo for both men and women. They keep things simple, by specifying only the most basic characteristics for the ball – it must be round and waterproof, without straps or greasy coverings. With women able compete in the Olympics beginning in 2000, a slightly smaller ball was introduced into the games.

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Olympic Beach Volleyballs Are Bright

olympic beach volleyball player diving for yellow volley ball

The 2007/2008 Official Beach Volleyball Rules determined by the Federation Internationale de Volleyball (FIVB) dictate that the balls be spherical, flexible and uniform within a match. At 66 to 68 cm in circumference and appearing in bright colors, the balls are made of materials that do not absorb humidity.

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High School Volleyballs Governed by NFHS

high school girl attempting to spike with 2 defenders on the opposite side of the net all wearing black official standard equipment volley ball

The National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) has a committee that writes the rules for many high school matches.  The physical specifications of an NFHS ball are very similar to those of an NCAA ball, with the circumference being the only difference.  While any NCAA ball could be used in a NFHS game (if the NFHS authentication markings appear), the reverse may not be true, depending on the actual circumference of the ball.

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Football With a White Stripe for NCAA

top of the football is illuminated with artistic lighting with lighting just on the laces and standard equipment for football football ball

NCAA rules for college football appear to be similar to those used by the NFL. The physical characteristics of each are the same. The differences come in the markings on the surface. The most visible exceptions are that the NCAA requires two one-inch white stripes and prohibits professional football league logos.

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Australian Football League Uses a Symmetrical Oval Shaped Ball

Australian Rules Football Legend yellow Australian football ball standard equipment for Australian football

Australian Football is a sport played between two teams of eighteen players on the field of either an Australian football ground, a modified cricket field, or a similarly sized sports venue. The main way to score points is by kicking the ball between the two tall goal posts. The team with the higher total score at the end of the match wins. 

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FIFA Sets a Standard for Football/Soccer

cleat being tested on 2014 FIFA soccer ball World cup standard football ball/soccer ball

In The Laws of the Game 2008/2009, Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) addresses both the physical qualities of the ball and what to do if a game ball becomes defective. After more than 100 years as an international governing body of association football, they seem to be quite clear on the rules.

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Major League Lacrosse Uses Orange “Grippy” Ball

orange grippy lacrosse ball new equipment standard lacrosse balls for lacrosse games

Major League Lacrosse was founded in 1991 as a professional outdoor lacrosse league.  The current rules include the use of a shot clock and allow for a 2-point goal to be scored.  While the website does not contain specifications for the ball, the history section of the site does offer this interesting information regarding the lacrosse ball.

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